China leads the world in facial-recognition and other new surveillance technologies, with its own government using the tools at home and Huawei Technologies Co. exporting them globally, according to a new report by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said the Wall Street Journal.
But other countries are adopting similar technologies, according to the think tank’s report, which is based on research by a former State Department official in the Obama administration.
At least 75 countries around the world, from the U.S. to Brazil, Germany, India, and Singapore, host artificial intelligence to surveil citizens, the report said—a wider footprint than previously documented. Huawei is leading the charge, providing surveillance technology in 50 countries, far more than its nearest competitor, the report says, adding “no other company comes close.”
In many cases, however, governments are using U.S. technology alongside Huawei’s. The top U.S. firm identified in the report was International Business Machines Corp. , which sold surveillance technology in 11 countries. IBM provides governments with so-called smart-cities technology to monitor a city and analyze data.