U.K. authority says PayPal’s iZettle acquisition ‘raises competition concerns’

PayPal announced plans to acquire European Square competitor iZettle in a $2.2 billion deal back in May, a deal that formerly closed on September 20. However, the deal is far from concluded, as the U.K.’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) today formerly declared that the merger “raises competition concerns,” and that it could “lead to higher prices or reduce the range of services for customers.”

By way of a quick recap, PayPal swooped in to buy iZettle just days before it was due to become a public company this year, with the transaction representing PayPal’s biggest acquisition by a large margin. But just as the deal was finalized in September, the CMA announced an enforcement order prohibiting either party from advancing the merger any further, which was followed by a formal merger inquiry shortly after.


This latest development doesn’t necessarily mean that the deal will be scuppered, but both PayPal and iZettle will have to address the CMA’s concerns that the combined business could lead to higher prices and less innovation due to reduced competition.

“Payment services markets are evolving so it’s particularly important to look to the future when we assess competition and the effects of mergers on customers,” noted CMA executive director Andrea Gomes da Silva, in a statement. “While iZettle is a relatively recent entrant to payment services, it has already established a market-leading position in mobile point-of-sale devices and was well-placed to compete against PayPal in other emerging markets. That’s why we are concerned that PayPal’s takeover could lead to higher prices or reduce the quality of the services available to customers.”

If PayPal and iZettle are unable to address its concerns, the CMA said it will refer the case to a more in-depth secondary stage investigation, which will be conducted “by a group of independent CMA panel members,” it said.

Founded out of Sweden in 2010, iZettle targets smaller businesses with hardware and software that allows them to accept card payments from customers through mobile devices. The company operates in a dozen markets, most of which are in Europe.

For PayPal, buying iZettle is all about increasing its payments presence in physical retail outlets across Europe. In its defence, PayPal will almost certainly point to iZettle competitors operating in the U.K. already, which include Jack Dorsey’s Square which launched there last year, as well as VC-backed SumUp.


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