© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Smoke and steam billows from Belchatow Power Station, Europe’s largest coal-fired power plant operated by PGE Group, near Belchatow
LONDON (Reuters) – Europe needs to invest billions in renewable power and storage or it will fail to meet its 2030 climate target, a report by consultancy Wood Mackenzie said on Thursday.
European Union leaders in December agreed to cut net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% from 1990 levels by 2030, substantially toughening an existing 40% target.
But the Wood Mackenzie analysis found that, under current plans, Europe would reach an emission reduction cut of 46% compared with 1990 levels by 2030.
To meet the new target the bloc needs a significant increase in renewable power capacity, such as wind and solar and electricity storage, equating to around $585 billion in investment by 2030, the report said.
Technology to capture and store carbon emissions (CCS), widespread use of hydrogen as a fuel, more electric vehicles and reforms of the bloc’s emissions trading system (ETS) including the introduction of a floor price on the cost of carbon emissions are also necessary, the report said.
A $65 per tonne carbon price would ensure the maximum possible shift from polluting lignite power coal plants to lower emission gas-fired power plants and would spur investment in technology, the report said.
The price level is almost 30% higher than current benchmark prices in Europe’s ETS of 39 euros/tonne ($47.03).
“Providing certainty on the carbon price now would help to grow that pipeline of CCS and hydrogen projects that’s needed,” Wood Mackenzie Research Director Murray Douglas said.
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