The automotive industry is a key driver and user of artificial intelligence (AI), which is fast percolating to different work areas. Now German major Durr has developed Advanced Analytics, the first market-ready AI application for paint shops.
This intelligent solution, which combines the latest IT technology and mechanical engineering expertise, identifies sources of defects and determines optimal maintenance schedules. It also tracks previously unknown correlations and uses the knowledge to adapt the algorithm to the plant using the principle of self-learning. Advanced Analytics is the latest module from the DXQanalyze product series. First practical applications are showing that the software from Durr optimises plant availability and the surface quality of painted bodies.
Why do body parts exhibit the same defects with an unusually high frequency? When is the latest that a mixer in the robot can be replaced without causing machine stoppage? Precise answers are important for sustainable economic success. Because every defect or every unnecessary maintenance procedure that can be avoided saves money or improves the product quality. “Before there were very few precise conclusions that would enable the early detection of quality defects or failures. And if there were, they were generally based on a painstaking manual data evaluation or trial-and-error attempts. Artificial intelligence (AI) makes this much more accurate and automatic,” explains Gerhard Alonso Garcia, Vice President MES & Control Systems at Dürr.
The new self-learning Advanced Analytics plant and process monitoring system adds to DXQanalyze. The digital product series from Durr already included the Data Acquisition modules for acquiring production data, Visual Analytics for visualising it, and Streaming Analytics. The latter lets plant operators analyse in close to real time whether there are deviations from previously defined rules or target values in production using a low-code platform.
Durr’s AI application Advanced Analytics identifies sources of defects and determines optimal maintenance schedules.
AI application with its own memory
What makes Advanced Analytics special is that the module combines large quantities of data including historical data with machine learning. In the figurative sense, this means that the self-learning AI application has a memory. This means that it can use information from the past to both recognise complex correlations in large quantities of data and predict an event in the future with a high degree of accuracy based on the current condition of a machine. There are multiple applications for this in paint shops, whether at component, process, or plant level.
Durr software reduces plant downtimes through predictive maintenance, repair information.
Reducing plant downtime with predictive maintenance
When it comes to components, Advanced Analytics reduces downtimes through predictive maintenance and repair information, for example by predicting the remaining service life of a mixer. If the component is replaced too early, it increases the spare part costs and repair overhead unnecessarily, while leaving it too long to replace a component can result in quality problems during coating and machine stoppages. Advanced Analytics starts by learning the wear indicators and the temporal pattern of the wear using high-frequency robot data. Since the data is continuously recorded and monitored, the machine learning module individually recognizes aging trends for the respective component based on actual use and calculates the optimum replacement time.
Machine learning simulates continuous temperature curves
Advanced Analytics improves quality at process level by identifying anomalies, for example by simulating the heat-up curve in the oven. Up to now, manufacturers only had data determined by sensors during measurement runs. However, the heat-up curves that are of vital importance for surface quality of the car bodies vary since the oven ages during the intervals between the measurement runs. This wear causes fluctuating ambient conditions, for example, in the strength of the air flow.
“These days, thousands of bodies are produced without us knowing the temperatures to which the individual bodies were heated. Using machine learning, our Advanced Analytics module simulates how the temperature varies under different conditions. This gives our customers a permanent proof of quality for each individual body and lets them identify anomalies,” says Gerhard Alonso Garcia.
Higher first-run rate increases equipment effectiveness
At plant level, the DXQplant.analytics software is used with the Advanced Analytics module to increase overall equipment effectiveness. The artificial intelligence tracks system defects such as recurring quality defects in model types, specific colours, or on individual body parts. This permits conclusions about which step in the production process is responsible for the deviations. Such defect and cause correlations make it possible to increase the first-run rate by allowing intervention at a very early stage.
Plant and digital expertise expertly combined
Developing AI-capable data models is a very complex process. Machine learning does not work by feeding unspecified amounts of data into a ‘smart’ algorithm, which then spits out an intelligent result. Instead, relevant (sensor) signals must be collected, carefully selected, and supplemented with structured additional information from production. With Advanced Analytics, Durr has developed a piece of software that supports different use scenarios, provides a runtime environment for machine learning models, and initiates model training. “The challenge was there was no generally valid machine learning model and no suitable run-time environment we could have used. To be able to use AI at plant level, we combined our knowledge of mechanical and plant engineering with the knowledge of our experts from the Digital Factory. This resulted in the first AI solution for paint shops,” explains Gerhard Alonso Garcia.
With Artificial Intelligence, systematic errors in the painting process can be detected, thus OEE can be increased by allowing intervention at a very early stage.
Interdisciplinary knowledge pays dividends
Advanced Analytics was developed by an interdisciplinary team of data scientists, computer scientists, and process experts. Durr also entered into cooperation partnerships with several leading automotive manufacturers. This allowed the developers to access real-life production data and beta site environments in production for different application cases. First the algorithms were trained in the lab using a large number of test cases. Next, the algorithms continued learning on-site in real-life operation and autonomously adapted to environment and use conditions. The beta phase was recently successfully completed and showed the potential of AI.
Durr’s India connect
The Durr Group has had a direct representation in India since 1997, and Schenck RoTec has since 1986. The Durr Group currently employs around 590 staff there, offering the entire portfolio including sales and service: Durr India, based in Chennai, offers painting, application, final assembly and energy efficiency technology products as well as air pollution control, noise abatement systems and coating systems for battery electrodes.
Since April 2015, Durr India has also been offering on-the-job as well as classroom training in paint and application systems to customers at its new training center. Schenck RoTec India, in Noida, is responsible for balancing technology as well as for testing and filling technology. The HOMAG Group produces machinery and equipment for the woodworking industry. It has a presence in Bangalore, where it operates a production site and sales and service company HOMAG India.
The Dürr Group is one of the world’s leading mechanical and plant engineering firms with extensive expertise in automation and digitalization/Industry 4.0. Its products, systems and services enable highly efficient manufacturing processes in different industries. The Durr Group supplies sectors like the automotive industry, mechanical engineering, chemical, pharmaceutical and woodworking industries. It generated sales of 3.92 billion euros in 2019. The company has around 16,500 employees and 112 business locations in 34 countries. The Group operates in the market with the brands Dürr, Schenck and HOMAG and with five divisions:
Paint and Final Assembly Systems: paint shops as well as final assembly, testing and filling technology for the automotive industry
Application Technology: robot technologies for the automated application of paint, sealants and adhesives
Clean Technology Systems: air pollution control, noise abatement systems and coating systems for battery electrodes
Measuring and Process Systems: balancing equipment and diagnostic technology
Woodworking Machinery and Systems: machinery and equipment for the woodworking industry
Durr brings artificial intelligence to the paint shop
Durr brings artificial intelligence to the paint shop