To learn about some of the different types of technologies used in smart cities to help create a safer, more efficient urban environment, continue reading.
As the Internet of Things (IoT) expands, smart cities are growing quickly. Smart cities are urban environments that are highly connected using a framework of advanced communication and information technologies that help gather mass quantities of data pertaining to various city features. The primary goal of smart cities is to use the mass amounts of data collected to gather insights, share information with the public, and better manage resources, services, and assets more efficiently. In other words, smart cities are designed to help improve and enhance the lives of those who live in them while creating a more sustainable environment. To successfully accomplish the goals of smart cities, several different types of highly advanced technology are utilized. Here are some of the many different types of technologies used in smart cities.
Intelligent transportation plays a key role in smart cities. Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) are surface transportation systems that are integrated with modern information and communication technologies and management strategies to enhance driver experience and improve the efficiency of transportation networks.
An example of an intelligent transportation feature is smart traffic lights. These lights have cameras to monitor traffic flow and send data to traffic management centers that can make real-time adjustments to traffic signals or light durations to decrease congestion. Such forms of intelligent transportation help resolve key transportation issues such as a lack of timely information, inaccurate data, and poor coordination of information to traffic management centers.
At the core of a smart city is a smart infrastructure. A smart infrastructure uses advanced technology to connect buildings, energy systems, and industries, allowing cities to intuitively respond to the needs of its citizens and better optimize resources. A smart infrastructure will also allow cities to better plan for future demand of resources and help facilitate proactive maintenance to prevent costly and dangerous building collapses or other preventable structural issues.
Another key type of technology used in smart cities is smart energy. Smart grids are incorporated into the development of smart cities. Smart grids refer to electrical grids that utilize advanced technology to improve automation, connectivity, and communication in a variety of the power network’s components. Examples of smart energy in cities may include smart meters, renewable energy resources, and smart appliances. Such systems can help cut energy costs and create a more sustainable and secure energy system for cities.