John Tozzi Bloomberg
Life expectancy in the United States fell the most in more than 70 years last year as Covid-19 forced hundreds of thousands of Americans to die prematurely.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the disproportionate sacrifice of the pandemic to the color community has also widened the existing gap in life expectancy between white and black Americans.
The tally represents a very harsh explanation of the ongoing catastrophe. The first year of the pandemic hit America’s life expectancy more than any of the Vietnam War, the AIDS crisis, or the “death of despair” that pushed life expectancy down in the mid-2010s.
Noreen Goldman, a professor of demography and public relations at Princeton University, said: “The United States has fallen behind virtually all high-income countries in life expectancy, and is now even behind.”
Due to the widespread use of vaccination in the first half of 2021, the pace of death from Covid-19 slowed sharply. However, it is unclear how long it will take for life expectancy to recover. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the United States has recorded a total of 609,000 Covid deaths. More than 43% occurred in 2021 and almost half a year is still around.
The first year of the pandemic reduced the life expectancy of Americans by 1.5 years to 77.3 years. It has wiped out national interests since 2003. It was the largest annual decline since 1943 in the midst of World War II. According to Goldman, this is the second-largest decline since the 1918 flu epidemic, with approximately 50 million deaths worldwide.
A recent study published in the BMJ journal found that the decline in the pandemic in 2020 widened the distance between the United States and other wealthy democracies such as France, Israel, South Korea and the United Kingdom.
“Something was terribly wrong in the United States, where the number of Americans who died was more than necessary, because this is not the decline that occurred in other high-income countries,” said Honorary Director Stephen Woolf. It was. Virginia Commonwealth University’s Center for Social and Health and one of the authors of the BMJ study.
Life expectancy is a statistical component that reflects mortality at a particular location and time. The CDC report describes life expectancy at birth as “the average number of years a group of babies live if they experience an age-specific mortality rate that is prevalent over a period of time.” It is not intended to predict the life expectancy that people born at that time will actually experience. Rather, it is a way to compare mortality across regions and years.
Covid accounted for three-quarters of the decline in 2020. Unintentional injuries, a category that includes record fatal drug overdose in 2020, have reduced control, as well as murder, diabetes and liver disease. This decline would have been more pronounced if there were fewer deaths from other factors such as cancer, chronic lower respiratory tract disease, heart disease, and suicide.
All demographic groups saw a decline in life expectancy in 2020. However, the decline was not evenly distributed. Men lost more land than women. Hispanic Americans, who have a longer life expectancy than white and black Americans, recorded the largest losses during Covid, with life expectancy declining by three years, doubling that of the country as a whole.
African Americans likewise recorded a loss of life expectancy for 2.9 years. Its decline has widened the gap between blacks and whites in the United States, the gap in life expectancy that has narrowed since the 1990s. Life expectancy for white Americans decreased by 1.2 years in 2020.
“There is no biological reason for people with certain skin tones to die from the virus at a higher rate,” Woolf said, saying the different effects reflect structural inequality.
According to Goldman, biased expressions in front-line jobs such as retail, meat packaging, transportation, and health care, coupled with a high incidence of chronic illness, expose people of color to Covid. He says he is exposed to both the risk and the risk of death from Covid.
Unequal access to health care, language barriers, crowded, or multi-generational housing also contributed to the disproportionate sacrifice of the virus to the Hispanic and black population, she said.
Estimates released by the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics reflect death certificate data reported by states and cities. The report did not include data on the population of Asian Americans, Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders.
The one-year decline in life expectancy in 2020 is alarming, but Wolff says more attention should be paid to the decades-long life expectancy gap that has shortened the lives of more Americans than Covid. Said.
In the 20th century, life expectancy increased in generally wealthy countries as science and hygiene helped overcome infectious diseases. In the United States, there were nasty signs in the 1990s that countries were not keeping up with the benefits of other countries’ measures. This difference has become known as a health disadvantage in the United States.
“A more important issue than the acute events we currently see in life expectancy is the long-term trend,” Woolf said. “That’s actually a lot more scary for the United States than what we’re reporting in 2020. It may sound strange.”
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Covid-19 takes dramatic toll on U.S. life expectancy – Press Enterprise Source link Covid-19 takes dramatic toll on U.S. life expectancy – Press Enterprise